Salva Kiir Mayardit is the President of South Sudan. A former rebel commander, he is always seen wearing his cowboy hat. He was responsible for steering the nation through various challenging phases since the 2005 peace deal ended two-decades of war with the North. Later, he worked for the implementation of a referendum. He earlier worked as the Vice-President of the united Sudan.
During the 1960s, he joined the southern rebellion. He was a founding member of the Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement (SPLM) in 1983 and rose to become SPLM's military leader during the 1990s. In 2005, he became the Southern leader and national vice-president. He was elected the President of Southern Sudan in 2010 and is likely to continue after the Independence of South Sudan in July 2011.
As of 2011, he is believed to be aged 59 though no sources confirm his exact age.
Kirr is a Roman Catholic.
As President of South Sudan
- March 22, 2014: Egypt joins fellow African mediators to settle South Sudan conflict
- December 8, 2013: First South Sudan Investment Conference held
- August 3, 2013: President Kiir presents new Cabinet Structure for State Governments
- July 24, 2013: President suspends South Sudan Cabinet
- June 16, 2013: High level committee formed for talks with Sudan
- November 9, 2012: President Kiir gives nod for Abyei interim administration
- October 15, 2012: President inaugurates 2012 Third Session of the National Legislative Assembly
- October 10, 2012: Sundan NCP turns down proposition for settlement between Khartoum and SPLM-North
- October 8, 2012: President Kiir in Kampala to participate in Uganda at 50 celebrations
- October 2, 2012: South Sudan rules out further discussions on Abyei
- September 22, 2012: Sunday summit holds key for resuming oil exports by Sudan and South Sudan
- September 15, 2012: Sudan Ambassador asks UN to direct South Sudan to disengage itself from SPLM-N
- July 13, 2012: President Kiir arrives in Addis Ababa to take part in African Union session
- July 9, 2012: South Sudan celebrates its first independence day
|December 19, 2011: South Sudan President Salva Kiir visits Israel for the first time. The visit was said to be of low key as the President isn't expected to make any public remarks. He is also scheduled to meet President Shimon Peres, Defence Minister Ehud Barak and Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman during his one-day visit.
|September 8, 2011: President Salva Kiir issues Presidential Decree No. 33/2011 appointing new Presidential Advisors.
President Salva Kiir Mayardit arrives in Nairobi to attend the two-day summit on the Horn of Africa Crisis under the theme: "Ending Droughts Emergencies: A commitment to Sustainable Solutions". He will address the summit on September 9.
|September 7, 2011: President of the Republic of South Sudan has issued the Presidential Decree No. 32/2011. As per the decree the following Presidential Advisors are relieved: Hon. Madam Rebecca Nyandeng De Mabior, Hon. Rt. Gen. Joseph Lagu, Hon. Telar Ring Deng, Hon. Tor Deng Mawin, Hon. Rev. Tijwong Hather Agwer.
|August 10, 2011: President Salva Kiir Mayardit interacted with the members of the Community of Mukaya Payam in Lainya County at Presidential Guest House, J-1. The community was headed by its Chief Bullen Soro Eliaba. The community delegation pledged and assured of their support to the President in the equal development of the nation.
|August 6, 2011: South Sudan President Salva Kiir Mayardit addressed the SPLM Caucus of the two houses - National Legislative Assembly and the Council of the States. He appealed to the members to approve the list of the expected new government 'without considering it through tints of tribalism'. Vice President Riek Machar Teny termed the meeting historic considering it is the first time both the houses are meeting after the nation became independent. He asked the members to meet the expectations of the people by delivering basic services, peace, stability and good governance.
|July 30, 2011: South Sudan celebrated its first Martyrs’ Day. The day observes and reminds of the great sacrifice made by the heroes and heroines of liberation who paid the ultimate price for the liberation of the country. President Salva Kiir Mayardit made a public address in this regard. He called upon the youth to leave tribalism and start working on the construction of the country. He called upon for the improvement of agriculture which feeds the country. Addressing the armed forces, he asked them to remain disciplined and respect human rights. The day coincides with the day Dr. John Garang de Mabior, the late leader of the SPLM/A, died in a helicopter crash on his way back to South Sudan from a meeting in Uganda in 2005.
|July 28, 2011: Minister of Information, Barnaba Marial Benjamin confirms that the nation has established full diplomatic relations with Israel. The President of South Sudan Salva Kiir Mayardit received an official communication from Israel confirming this. The two countries will open their embassies in Juba and Tel Aviv at ambassadorial levels shortly.
|July 22, 2011: President Kiir said in Juba that the next cabinet expansion will be based on qualification of the candidates and not based on tribal representation. The current care taker government had 32 ministers of which 12 are from the Dinka ethnic group, 6 from Nuer community and the remaining 14 positions from the rest of the communities of the region. Kirr said that tribal representation will be effective at state level and not at national level.
|July 19, 2011: South Sudan President Salva Kiir threatened saying that South Sudan will stop using the pipelines running through Sudan if the latter insists on sharing oil revenue as opposed to receiving transit fees.
- He said, 'I am saying that we will rent the North’s oil pipelines and we will give them money for our oil to be transported, and we will of course pay and there is no problem'..'However, this offer is unaccepted by the North. We have agreed on one thing that the oil issue should not be disrupted. They [Sudan] need oil. But we fought for 21 years without oil and we can still go for 3 years until we build our own oil infrastructure'
|July 19, 2011: President Salva Kiir said that Abyei is a region of South Sudan and reacted sharp for Sudan Armed Forces [SAF] occupied Abyei by force.
- He said, 'On 20th and 21st May, the Sudan Armed Forces [SAF] occupied Abyei by force, it was invasion. Their intention by occupying Abyei was to make us retaliate and counter attack by fighting them in Abyei, so that we could not celebrate the 9th of July as the independence of Southern Sudan. I ignored all these and ordered the SPLA not to go because we knew what they were up to'.
- 'The truth is here with us, Abyei belongs to us. Whether Omar al-Bashir likes it or not, one day Abyei will rejoin the South'
- July 15, 2011: Government of Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe invited President Salva Kiir Mayardit to come and officially open this year's Harare Agricultural Show, which runs from August 19 to 27, 2011. If accepted, this visit of Mayardit will become his first official international visit after assuming office as President.
- Salva Kiir officially was sworn as the President of the country on July 9, 2011. He signed the country's controversial transitional constitution. He offered amnesty to the six South Sudanese rebel groups destabilising the new nation.
- He said, 'I want to offer public amnesty to all those who took arms against the people of South Sudan. Let them lay down these arms and help us in building this new nation'
- He said, 'You may be a Zande, Kakwa, Lutugo, Nuer, Dinka or Shiluk, but first remember yourself as a South Sudanese. There will be equal access to existing opportunities for all'
- 'In order to move this country forward, sacrifices have to be made in public service. Those who are not ready to make this kind of sacrifice will not be part of the new government'
- July 10, 2011: Kenyan Vice President Kalonzo Musyoka accompanied by Information and Communications minister Mamuel Pogishio, Kitui South MP Isaac Muoki, and Aambassadors Elijah Mativo and Cleland Leshore met President Salva Kiir Mayardit. The VP called for the immediate establishment of a joint ministerial commission to spearhead cooperation between Kenya and South Sudan.