Sudan and South Sudan

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South Sudan achieved Independence on July 9, 2011 from Sudan. Since the split, the countries do not share a good relation and they accuse each other of harboring terrorists to bring the government in the other country.

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Non-Agression Treaty

South Sudan and Sudan has signed a non-agression treaty on February 11, 2012 after a mediation led by former South Arican president Thabo Mbeki on behalf of the African Union. The treaty was signed by South Sudan's intelligence chief Thomas Douth and Sudan's intelligence chief Mohammed Atta.

In just a few days after signing the treaty, South Sudan has accused Khartoum of violating the non-agression treaty. South Sudan has accused that Sudan jets bombed an area in the Unity state. Pagan Amum, South Sudan's chief negotiator in the talks of the non-agression treaty said, "That is a bad sign that the government of Sudan is not serious to non-aggression, but we expressed our hope the government of Sudan would now end its attacks on South Sudan, particularly areas of bombardment,"

Dispute on Oil

See Also: Oil and South Sudan

South Sudan has an ongoing dispute with Sudan after the two countries failed to agree how much South Sudan should pay to export crude via pipelines and other infrastructure in Sudan. For more information on the dispute, check Dispute between South Sudan and Khartoum

Heglig oilfield

The Heglig oilfield between South Sudan and Sudan is a disputed region.

On 10 April 2012, South Sudan seized control of the Heglig oilfield. The Heglig oilfield produces about half of the South Sudan's 115,000-barrel-a-day oil output. Khartoum immediately vowed to regain control of the region.

Vice President of South Sudan Riek Machar said that South Sudan repulsed the attack by Sudan on the Heglig area on April 13, 2012. Military spokesperson of Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) said that the two armies are fighting in Kersana, 41 kilometers north of the disputed area.

In a press conference on April 14, Spokesperson of Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) spokesperson Khaled Al-Sawarmi said "We are now in Heglig area at few kilometers from Heglig town and oilfield,"

News

May 14, 2012

April 29, 2012
Sudanese President Omer Hassan al-Bashir has declared State Emergency in the three states which are neighboring with South Sudan. As per the Presidential decree, the states of South Kordofan, Sennar and White Nile are now under State Emergency. March 25, 2012
Republic of South Sudan blames Khartoum for postponing the joint meeting scheduled to have taken place on March 22-23. The meeting was regarding the disputed territory of Abyei. Luka Biong Deng, a co chair of the Abyei Joint Oversight Committee representing South Sudan said, “This is the third time it has been postponed and it has been postponed indefinitely this. No date has been picked”,

March 24, 2012
South Sudan assures that it will not arrest Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir during the upcoming visit to South Sudan. Omar al-Bashir is wanted by the International Criminal Court for war crimes. "President Bashir will be protected as a guest of state, as a head of state and the government of South Sudan is under the obligation to... build peaceful relations with the republic of Sudan and that is the business that President Bashir is coming for," Pagan Amum, the secretary general of the South’s ruling SPLM party said.

March 22, 2012
South Sudan invites President of Sudan Omar al-Bashir for talks to resolve the differences between the two countries. South Sudan's top negotiator Pagan Amum said, “We delivered the message to President Bashir and he welcomed it. He expressed his readiness to visit Juba,”. South Sudan President Salva Kiir invited his Sudan's counterpart for the April 3 summit.

March 15, 2012
African Union (AU) welcomes the "Framework Agreement on the Status of Nationals of the Other State" and the "Agreement on the Demarcation of the Boundary and Related issues" reached by Sudan and South Sudan. AU Commission Chairman Jean Ping said he was especially pleased to note the new spirit of compromise and co-operation expressed by the two sides.

March 14, 2012
South Sudan says that the talks with Khartoum are gaining progress. South Sudan's top negotiator "When we were one country, we spent all the time together fighting each other and killing each other, and there has been a lot of that... but that is over now. We have tried to negotiate all this time with the old approach. It has led us literally nowhere...now we are going to try this approach, which is basically positive thinking, applied to problem solving", he said on return from the last round of African Union (AU)-led talks in Ethiopia.

March 4, 2012
Sudan officially files a complaint against South Sudan's aggression to the UN Security Council (UNSC). Sudan’s permanent envoy to the United Nations Daffa Allah Ali al-Haj accused South Sudan's army Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) of supporting and participating in an attack on February 26, 2012 by a coalition of Sudanese rebels groups, the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF). The alleged attack happened on the disputed area of Jau, which lies on the poorly defined borders between the two countries.

February 11, 2012
South Sudan and Sudan have signed non-aggression treaty. The treaty came after several mediations by the international community to reduce the tensions between the countries. Former South African president Thabo Mbeki led the negotiations in Addis Ababa on behalf of the African Union. The treaty helped the set up of a monitoring mechanism so that complaints can be registered and dealt with peacefully. South Sudan's intelligence chief Thomas Douth and Sudan's counterpart Mohammed Atta signed the treaty.

December 29, 2011
Sudan has decided to file an official complaint against the Republic of South Sudan to the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for supporting Darfur rebel Justice and Equality Movement (JEM). Sudan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesman Al- Obaid Ahmed Murawih said:

"The Sudanese government has decided to file an official complaint to the United Nations Security Council, the African Union and the international organizations, regarding entry of a military force belonging to the Justice and Equality Movement to South Sudan. A military force comprised of 350 fighters and 79 armed vehicles belonging to the armed movements has entered Tumsaha area which lies after the 1956 borderline between north and south Sudan,"

November 10, 2011:
South Sudan is not and will not support any armed opposition groups fight against the Republic of the Sudan government. President of the Republic of South Sudan HE Salva Kiir Mayardit asserted that his government will not support any armed opposition groups to undermine the government in Sudan led by National Congress Party. President Kiir Mayardit spoke to media persons in his office and condemned the accusations by Khartoum that South Sudan is harboring rebels to undermine the Sudan government.

July 27, 2011:
South Sudan said it received a communication from North Sudan asking to pay $22.80 a barrel for oil transit via its pipelines. The South Sudan Government feels this is a 'clear declaration of economic war'. South Sudan produces around 500,000 barrels a day.

July 24, 2011:
Former Prime Minister of Sudan and National Umma Party (NUP) leader, Al-Sadiq al-Mahdi, says there might be a cold war between the two nations. He expressed this view considering various issues between the two nations, such as those of currency, disagreement over oil sharing, economic trade etc. as the reason.

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